The Achilles tendon attaches your calf muscles to your heel bone, or calcaneus. You use this tendon to jump, walk, run, and stand on the balls of your feet.
Continuous, intense physical activity, such as running and jumping, can cause painful inflammation of the Achilles tendon, known as Achilles tendonitis (or tendinitis).
There are two types of Achilles tendonitis: insertional Achilles tendonitis and noninsertional Achilles tendonitis.
Insertional Achilles tendonitis affects the lower portion of your tendon where it attaches to your heel bone.
Noninsertional Achilles tendonitis involves fibers in the middle portion of the tendon and tends to affect younger people who are active.
Simple home treatments can help Achilles tendonitis. However, if home treatment doesn’t work, it’s important to see a physical therapist or doctor.
- Pain and stiffness along the Achilles tendon in the morning
- Pain along the tendon or back of the heel that worsens with activity
- Severe pain the day after exercising
- Thickening of the tendon
- Bone spur (insertional tendinitis)
- Swelling that is present all the time and gets worse throughout the day with activity
- Reducing your physical activity
- Very gently stretching and later strengthening your calf muscles
- Switching to a different, less strenuous sport
- Icing the area after exercise or when in pain
- Elevating your foot to decrease any swelling
- Wearing a brace or walking boot to prevent heel movement
If your pain continues, we have had success with scraping, dry needling and laser treatments at Pittman Physical Therapy in Collierville, TN today!
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